KNOW THE SIGNS OF BRAIN HEMORRHAGE!

          A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke.  It’s caused by an artery in the brain bursting and causing localized bleeding in the surrounding tissues. This bleeding kills brain cells.  The Greek root for blood is hemo.  Hemorrhage literally means “blood bursting forth”.  Brain hemorrhages are also called cerebral hemorrhages, intracranial hemorrhages or Continue reading

TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK (TIA)

          A transient ischemic attack, called a TIA for short, is often a warning signal of an impending stroke.  Pieces of fat or blood clots can block an artery leading to the brain.  When this happens, a part of the brain does not get enough oxygen and the symptoms of a TIA appear.  With a TIA, the artery is only blocked for a short time.  However, the Science Daily just reported 5 days ago (February 24, 2010), that nearly 4 in 10 transient ischemic attack and Continue reading

CARING FOR THE PATIENT WITH APHASIA

          Aphasia is a disorder that results from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language.  For most people, these are areas on the left side (hemisphere) of the brain.  Aphasia usually occurs suddenly, often as the result of a stroke or head injury, but it may also develop slowly, as in the case of a brain tumor, an infection or dementia.  The disorder impairs the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing. As nurses, we need to take a full assessment of the disease process in Continue reading