Posts Tagged ‘brain’


          The term spina bifida comes from Latin and literally means ‘split’ or ‘open’ spine.  It is the most common neural tube defect in the United States, affecting 1,500 to 2,000 of the more than 4 million babies born in this country each year.  The disorder is a birth defect that involves the incomplete development of the spinal cord or Read more…

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          A transient ischemic attack, called a TIA for short, is often a warning signal of an impending stroke.  Pieces of fat or blood clots can block an artery leading to the brain.  When this happens, a part of the brain does not get enough oxygen and the symptoms of a TIA appear.  With a TIA, the artery is only blocked for a short time.  However, the Science Daily just reported 5 days ago (February 24, 2010), that nearly 4 in 10 transient ischemic attack and Read more…

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          Aphasia is a disorder that results from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language.  For most people, these are areas on the left side (hemisphere) of the brain.  Aphasia usually occurs suddenly, often as the result of a stroke or head injury, but it may also develop slowly, as in the case of a brain tumor, an infection or dementia.  The disorder impairs the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing. As nurses, we need to take a full assessment of the disease process in Read more…

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           Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).  Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects woman more than men. The disorder most commonly begins between ages 20 and 40.  MS is manifested by damage to the myelin sheath, the protective covering that surrounds nerve cells. When this nerve covering is damaged, nerve impulses are slowed down or stopped.  MS is a progressive disease, meaning Read more…

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