An abnormal heart rhythm is a change in either the speed or the pattern of the complete heart blockheartbeat — the heart may beat too slowly, too rapidly or irregularly. When the heart beats too slowly, too little blood is pumped out to the rest of the body. When the heart beats too quickly, it cannot fill completely so the body doesn’t receive the blood volume it needs to function properly. Slow heart rates are called bradycardias. Fast heart rates Continue reading


behcet's syndromeI was reading some medical records the other day and came upon a condition known as Behcet’s syndrome. It is actually a rare disease, but more frequent and severe in patients from the Eastern Mediterranean and Asia. Inherited (genetic) and environmental factors, such as microbe infections, are suspected to be factors that contribute to the development of Behcet’s. The syndrome is not proven to be contagious. The symptoms of Behcet’s syndrome depend on the area of the body affected. Behcet’s syndrome can involve Continue reading


Pinkeye is another name for conjunctivitis and is a condition that causes inflammationpinkeye and redness of the membranes inside the eyes. It causes the whites of your eyes to appear reddish or pink. The disease can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection in addition to an allergic reaction. Pinkeye caused by infection is highly contagious. Many children will develop pink eye at a daycare and spread it to others. For this reason, early diagnosis and treatment is extremely important. Pinkeye can affect one or both eyes. Many times it will start in one eye and then spread to the other. The most common symptoms of pink eye are redness, Continue reading



Urticaria (hives) is a vascular reaction of the skin marked by the transient appearance of smooth, slightly elevated papules or plaques (wheals) that are erythematous and that are often attended by severe pruritus. Individual lesions resolve without scarring in several hours. Most cases of urticaria are self-limited and of short duration; the eruption rarely lasts more than several days, but it may be recurrent over weeks. Chronic urticaria is defined as urticaria with recurrent episodes lasting longer than 6 weeks. Aquagenic urticaria is an extremely rare form of physical urticaria. It appears in response Continue reading


There seems to be a lot of confusion with yeast and fungus. Both fungus and yeast fungusbelong to the taxonomic kingdom fungi. Yeast shares some similarity with the mushroom, which is a type of unicellular fungi. Hyphae are a constituent part of fungus. These are tube like structures forming many branches and covering many arenas. The fungus consists of 80,000 known species. A fungus lacks vascular tissue and chlorophyll. Since chlorophyll is not present in it, fungi cannot process their own meals through the process Continue reading


eczemaI had the weirdest rash on my legs and I was afraid it could be an autoimmune disease like lupus or possibly psoriasis. I went to the dermatologist and found out that it was a very common rash which was eczema. Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. It’s common in children but Continue reading


Diverticulosis is a condition that describes small pouches in the wall of the digestive diverticulitistract that occur when the inner layer of the digestive tract bulges through weak spots in the outer layer. When these diverticula become inflamed, that is called diverticulitis. Diagnosis of diverticulosis/diverticulitis is made over several methods, including a physical exam which includes a digital rectal Continue reading


C-2 fracture


I had a friend that broke his cervical 2 vertebrae. He has to wear a halo device for at least 3 months, and possibly up to a year! There are seven cervical vertebrae in the neck that support your head and connect it to the shoulders and body. A fracture (break or crack) in one of the cervical vertebrae is called a cervical fracture or sometimes, a broken neck. A broken neck is defined as a fracture in one or more of the seven vertebrae Continue reading


Years ago, not too long after nursing school, I was in the mall and a gentleman in frontCPR of me suddenly collapsed on the escalator. I knew what to do, but I had never done CPR before in real life. We had practiced numerous times in school and even took a course to be sure that we all knew basic life support. CPR, also referred to as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is a lifesaving technique useful in many emergencies, including heart attack. I was successful in saving the man’s life; continuous CPR until help arrived. Back in those Continue reading


HENOCH SCHONLEIN PURPURAI sure don’t remember this condition in nursing school! Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP) is a disease involving inflammation of small blood vessels. It most commonly occurs in children. The inflammation causes blood vessels in the skin, intestines, kidneys and joints to start leaking. The main symptom is a rash with numerous small bruises, which have a raised appearance over the legs or buttocks. Although HSP can affect people at any age, most cases occur in children between the ages of 2 and 11. It is more common in boys than girls. Adults with HSP are Continue reading